Chad Mini Travel Guide
Visiting Chad can be easier to organize if you contact one of travel agencies specialising in designing a tour to this country. They have all required experience and information to book flights and hotels, request visas, and more…
Chad is a country with rich history and unique culture that is worth getting acquainted with. Archaeological excavations show that people lived on the shores of Lake Chad from the Neolithic period and even earlier. This area has always been an important crossroads of caravan and trade routes of Central Africa. About 2,500 years ago, the water surface area of Lake Chad was about 387 thousand square kilometers, which exceeds the area of modern Germany. The climate in those days was much more humid than today, and the flora and fauna were richer. It allowed to form dozens of original cultures in the area. The increasing pressure of anthropogenic factors have led to a sharp decrease of the lake, and the exposed parts of the former lake bottom revealed many fossils and petroglyphs, confirming the important role of the land, occupied by modern Chad, in the formation of African ethnic groups.
N’Djamena is the capital of Chad, founded in 1900 at the confluence of the Chari and the Logone. It used to be one of the most beautiful and peaceful cities in the Sahel, where the French influence could be easily traced. However, the civil war caused terrible damage to the city’s former glory. Step by step, N’Djamena is returning to its real appearance. The inhabitants of N’Djamena are considered one of the friendliest and most industrious people in Africa. The rapid growth of urban areas and intensive modernization of urban infrastructure made N’Djamena a real political, economic and cultural center of the country, and its bustling markets and craft shops are in stark contrast with many tree-lined avenues, colonial palaces and fountains. Footprints and dents from bullets vividly remind of the difficult history of the city, but N’Djamena is gradually changing for the better.
The city is divided into two parts: a small ‘European’ area and much larger and more lively ‘African’ part. Almost all of the attractions of N’Djamena belong to the colonial period and are concentrated in the Old City, which occupies the north-western part of the capital. Here one can see N’Djamena Great Mosque, towering over the city’s neighborhoods. Almost opposite the mosque, one will find the bustling Grand Marche market, one of the best markets in Central Africa, the colorful buildings of the prefecture, the President’s Palace, the National Museum of Chad with a unique collection of cultural objects, the University, as well as an extensive business district, almost entirely located within the colonial quarter. To the south of the Grand Mosque, there is Hippodrome and a modern golf club. Near the city limits lies Gauja village, the old capital of the tribal groups of Sao. Now the village is famous for its traditional architecture and the exhibits of the attractive local museum.
Sarh is the capital of the southern province of Shari and the second largest hub of Chad. The city is one of the largest market centers in the country. Here are the National Museum, the Center for Traditional Arts and the Agricultural Institute of Sarh. Near the city one can visit numerous natural reserves.
Mundu is the third largest city of Chad. It is a quiet and pleasant city, where the best beer in the entire Sahel region is brewed. The city’s markets as well as several bars and restaurants are among the best in the country.
The ancient capital of a powerful sultanate is the city of Abeche. After the departure of the French, the city slowly began to regain its former glory, but many historical monuments are no longer there. The buildings that have survived include the Sultan’s Palace, the old cemetery and the ruins of medieval mosques. One can also see some modern mosques, narrow old streets and a few colorful bazaars.
Find More Chad Articles