After five days of negotiations, Sudan and South Sudan on Thursday finally reached a historical Cooperative Protocol Agreement, but a resolution on the Abyei region remains elusive.
South Sudan President Salva Kiir said the outstanding issue of the oil rich Abyei region had since been referred to an African Union high level panel.
Kiir wants the AU Peace and Security council to handle further negotiations on the matter.
The cooperative protocol saw Sudan and South Sudan agreeing on security, economy and border issues, as well as on the status of citizens who lived in each other’s countries.
South Sudan and Sudan agreed to work together to bring peace and stabilities between them and create stability.
Sudan President, Al Bashir on the other hand vowed to see to the implementation of the cooperative agreement and will pursue future discussions between the two sides.
The two countries are expected to continue negotiations on other issues in the near future and also to regularly review the agreed cooperative agreement.
“The two sides agreed to abstain from hostile action against each other, and agreed to establish a joint security cooperative committee,” said a document signed by the parties.
Sudan and South Sudan also agreed to demilitarise a shared border to avoid the current tense situation.
The second agreement, which tackles the status of citizens saw the two sides agreeing on the free movement of their nationals in undertaking economic activities.
They also agreed to enhance trade between themselves, including the resumption of oil production and transit, which was interrupted following a border conflict in June and July 2012.
“The resumption of oil trade would reinforce economic ties between the two sides,” read the agreement.
“The two agreed to work together to find ways on alleviating the debt burden that Sudan carries and how to divide the asset and liabilities.”
According to the agreement, the two agreed to compensate individuals who might be affected by the border demarcation.
Negotions that paved the road for Thursday’s historical agreement began in 2010.
In 2005, the two sides signed a comprehensive peace agreement (CPA) after a long civil war that lasted over two decades and claimed the lives of thousands of Sudanese.
The CPA paved the way for South Sudan’s secession in July 2011 and the current negotiations.
The African high Level panel, headed by the former South African President Thabo Mbeki and the Ethiopian government were working closely to eke out an agreement from the two Sudans.