AFRICANGLOBE – Every day, 154 people died on average homicide victims in Brazil in 2012. Altogether, there were 56,337 people who lost their lives killed, 7% more than in 2011. Data are from the Map of Violence 2014 showing a growth of 13.4% of records of this type of death compared with the number obtained in 2002, the percentage is slightly higher than the growth of the total population of the country:. 11.1%. Comparing 100 countries that reported homicide rate between 2008 and 2012, for every 100 thousand inhabitants, the study finds that Brazil occupies the seventh place among the analyzed. Sitting behind El Salvador, Guatemala, Trinidad and Tobago, Colombia, Venezuela and Guadeloupe.
The main victims are young men and Blacks. Altogether, were victims of this type of death 30,072 young people, aged between 15 and 29 years. The number represents 53.4% of total homicides in Brazil. Also, this total, 91.6% were men.
The 2012 data, the last year of the series designed by the map, also show that, from the age of 13, the percentage begins to grow. Passes four homicides per 100,000 inhabitants to 75, when it reaches 21 years of age.
Homicides also victimizes mostly Blacks, that is, Blacks and browns. 41,127 Blacks were killed in 2012, and 14,928 Whites. Considering the entire decade (2002 – 2012), there was “increasing social selectivity” under report. While the number of murders of Whites decreased from 19,846 in 2002 to 14,928 in 2012, the Black victims increased from 29,656 to 41,127 during the same period.
Altogether, throughout that decade, 556,000 people died of homicide , “Quantitative largely exceeds the number of deaths of most armed conflicts recorded in the world,” says the text.
Brazil already occupied worst positions in the ranking. The situation was ameliorated by both policies to combat violence internally developed, which slowed the exponential growth of deaths, and by the fact that countries, especially in Central America, are living an “outbreak of violence.” On this, the report points out that even countries with lower rates in Latin America, compared to Europe or Asia, or even assume intermediate positions of high violence. These continents, according to the survey, the scores do not reach 3 homicides per 100 thousand inhabitants.
Among the internally developed policies, the study highlights the Disarmament Campaign and the National Public Security Plan at the national level, and actions at the state level, as implemented in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, which generated declines in homicide rates in the mid-2000s. weighed The magnitude of these places to reduce the rates and enabled the slight improvement in the country’s position in the world ranking.
Still, the situation is worrying, according to the Map of Violence, which is based on the Mortality Information System (SIM) and other data from the Ministry of Health
Between 2002 and 2012, there was an increase in homicides in 20 of 27 states. Seven of them had a significant growth: Maranhão, Ceará, Paraíba, Pará, Amazonas and especially – the study records – Rio Grande do Norte and Bahia. The last two, rates of child mortality due to homicide more than tripled.
In this last year, an increase of deaths, especially among young people. In the case of Rio de Janeiro, for example, 56.5 homicides per 100 thousand young people in 2012.
In the decade, the units decreased rates were: Mato Grosso, the Holy Spirit, Mato Grosso do Sul, Rondônia, Pernambuco and with more intensity, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. Only six states fell between 2012 and 2011. One, Pernambuco, decreased 6.8%. The numbers, however, show the challenge that state were 73.8 homicides per 100,000 young people.
Brazil: An Inconvenient History